Asia is the largest producer and consumer of chestnuts in the world. The use of chestnuts as food over 9,000 years ago in Japan is documented in carbonized nuts found in ancient villages. Recent programs have mandated the large-scale establishment of chestnut orchards in many different regions of China. China and Korea are the largest producers of chestnuts in the world. The Chinese chestnut has a flavorful nut and is resistant to chestnut blight. Korea grows Chinese-Japanese cultivars. Japan is also a major consumer of chestnuts. Japanese nuts are large, but do not have nearly as good a flavor as Chinese nuts.